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Sa Kaeo is an eastern border province of Thailand, located

approximately 245 kilometres from Bangkok. In the past, it was

once an important and prosperous community with a long

history since the Suvarnabhumi and the Dvaravati Kingdoms


Sa Kaeo is an eastern border province of Thailand, located

approximately 245 kilometres from Bangkok. In the past, it was

once an important and prosperous community with a long

history since the Suvarnabhumi and the Dvaravati Kingdoms,

which can be noticed from the group of various remains of

ancient monuments and architecture, scattered in the provinces,

as well as, artefacts telling the history and glory of the past to

the descendants.

Apart from the historical ancient remains worthy for study,

Sa Kaeo also possesses abundant natural resources such as the

Pang Sida National Park and the Ta Phraya National Park, as well

as, the natural canyonlike soil sculpture caused by ground

subsidence called çLalué with unique characteristics.

At the Thai border in Amphoe Aranyaprathet, Sa Kaeo is a grand

gate opening to Cambodia, connecting international transportation 

and tourism within one route. Moreover, Rong Kluea

Market offers both cheap and second-hand products from

various neighbouring countries.

Sa Kaeo is the 74th province of Thailand and was originally a

satellite town of Prachin Buri (called Prachim in the past). In

1933, the system of Thesaphiban or administrative circle was

abolished and Prachin Buri was uplifted to a province. Therefore,

Sa Kaeo became a district in Prachin Buri. It was later separated

from the province and officially acclaimed a province on 1st

December, 1993.

The history of Sa Kaeo can be traced back for over 4,000 years,

starting from the Neolithic-Metal Age with a discovery of

artefacts at Ban Khok Makok, Khao Sip Sub-district, Khao

Chakan District. In a later period, other antiques were found

such as in Aranyaprathet and Ta Phraya Districts, presenting

evidence that Sa Kaeo was once an important and prosperous

community during the Chenla-Dvaravati Periods with their own

civilisation and culture under the kings or rulers who believed

in Hinduism, both the Shivaite and Vishnuite sects. It can be

observed from the ancient remains and inscriptions in the

Pallava script at Prasat Khao Noi, Khao Rang, and Chong Sa

Chaeng, etc, especially the Pallava inscription at Prasat

Khao Noi, Aranyaprathet District, which has been considered

as the oldest piece of evidence discovered in Thailand that

states the year of its construction, in approximately the year


Moreover, there were discoveries of evidence reflecting the

civilisation during the 10th–11th century within this area such as

various Prasats or sanctuaries made of bricks or stone, ceramic

kilns, ancient moats which have left traces until the present

time, including 2 inscriptions in Prasat Sdok Kok Thom,

estimated to date from the 10th century. This Prasat was

constructed to be a religious shrine of the God Shiva as stated

in the 1st inscription that in 937, King Jayavarman IV had this

inscription placed in this Prasat as an announcement prohibiting

servants dedicated to this shrine to serve in other businesses,

but only take care and conduct a worshipping ceremony to the

Shiva Lingam-a Hindu phallic symbol of creative power-or

other sacred images enshrined in this Prasat. On the other

hand, the other inscription praised the good deeds of King

Udayadityavarman II, who had this ancient sanctuary renovated,

as well as, finished an inscription on the civilisation and religion.

From the aforementioned inscriptions and remains, the system

of administration utilised by the Ancient Khmer Empire over

the area can be noticed. Therefore, this province can be

considered as intellectual heritage which has been passed on

and is valuable for further study.

Sa Kaeo covers a total area of approximately 7,195 square

kilometres or 4,496,961 rai. It is divided into 9 districts; namely,

Amphoe Mueang Sa Kaeo, Amphoe Watthana Nakhon, Amphoe

Aranyaprathet, Amphoe Ta Phraya, Amphoe Khao Chakan,

Amphoe Wang Nam Yen, Amphoe Khlong Hat, Amphoe Khok

Sung and Amphoe Wang Sombun.


North Amphoe Khon Buri Nakhon, Ratchasima Province

and Amphoe Lahan Sai, Buri Ram Province.

South Amphoe Soi Dao, Chanthaburi Province.

East The Kingdom of Cambodia.

West Amphoe Kabin Buri and Amphoe Na Di, Prachin

Buri Province, and Amphoe Sanam Chai Khet,

Chachoengsao Province.


By car: There are 4 routes to Sa Kaeo as follows :

1. From Bangkok, take Phahon Yothin Road to Rangsit,

keep left and cross the ring bridge to Highway 305, passing

Ongkharak District Nakhon Nayok Province. Enter Highway

33, passing Kabin Buri District to Sa Kaeo Province. The total

distance is 214 kilometres.

2. From Bangkok, take Highway 1 and turn right at Hin Kong

Intersection. Go along Highway 33, passing Nakhon Nayok

Province, and Kabin Buri District. The total distance is 245 kilometres.

3. From Bangkok, take Highway 304, passing Min Buri District

and Chachoengsao Province to Phanom Sarakham District. At

Km. 35, turn right to Kabin Buri District along Highway 304. At

Km. 95, turn right again into Highway 33 to Sa Kaeo Province.

The total distance is 210 kilometres.

4. From Bangkok, take Highway 304, passing Min Buri

District to Chachoengsao Province. Then, take the route to

Phanom Sarakham District, passing the Khao Hin Son Royal

Development Study Centre. At Km. 54, there is a crossroads.

Turn right to Sa Kaeo Province by taking Highway 359 for 65

kilometres. It is a shortcut to Sa Kaeo at the present time.

By Bus: The Transport Company Limited provides daily services

of both ordinary and air-conditioned buses, leaving the

Bangkok Northern Bus Terminal (Mo Chit 2) on Kamphaeng

Phet 2 Road, and the Eastern Bus Terminal (Ekkamai) on

Sukhumvit Road. The journey takes 4 hours (3 hours via

the Ongkharak route). For more information, contact Tel. 0 2936

2852-66 Ext. 311, Sa Kaeo Bus Terminal Tel. 0 3724 2362, or

visit, or the Transport Company Limited

(Sa Kaeo Office) on Thetsaban Road, Soi 9/1 Tel. 0 3724 1282,

Air Aran Company Limited Tel. 0 3742 1210.

From Sa Kaeo, there is a bus service to other provinces; such as,

Chanthaburi, Nakhon Nayok, Prachin Buri, Saraburi, Buri Ram,

and Nakhon Ratchasima.

By Train: The State Railway of Thailand provides a BangkokSa Kaeo-Aranyaphrathet 

train service 2 times a day. The first one

leaves Bangkok at 05.55 a.m. and arrives at Sa Kaeo at 10.32 a.m.

and to Aranyaprathet at 11.30 a.m. The second one departs

Bangkok at 01.05 p.m. to Sa Kaeo at 05.25 p.m., and to Aranyaprathet at 06.20 p.m.

 Additionally, there are 2 trains to Bangkok.

The first one departs Aranyaprathet at 06.35 a.m. to Sa Kaeo at

07.26 a.m., and to Bangkok at 11.30 a.m., while the second one

departs Aranyaprathet at 01.35 p.m. to Sa Kaeo at 02.37 p.m., and

to Bangkok at 07.30 p.m. For further information, please

contact Tel. 0 2223 7010, 0 2220 4334, 1690, or,

or Sa Kaeo Railway Station at Tel. 0 3726 1217.

Distances from Amphoe Mueang Sa Kaeo to other


Amphoe Khao Chakan 19 kilometres

Amphoe Watthana Nakhon 26 kilometres

Amphoe Wang Nam Yen 37 kilometres

Amphoe Aranyaprathet 50 kilometres

Amphoe Wang Sombun 59 kilometres

Amphoe Khlong Hat 60 kilometres

Amphoe Khok Sung 67 kilometres

Amphoe Ta Phraya 100 kilometres

Distances from Sa Kaeo to nearby provinces.

Nakhon Ratchasima 184 kilometres

Prachin Buri 188 kilometres

Chanthaburi 258 kilometres

Chachoengsao 286 kilometres

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