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Nakhon Pathom

Nakhon Pathom

Sweet Pomelos, White Rice, Beautiful Ladies,

Tasty Sticky Rice in Bamboo Cylinders,

Majestic Sanamchan Palace, Commemorative

Buddhamonthon Buddhist Centre, And Great

Skyward Pathom Chedi


Nakhon Pathom

Sweet Pomelos, White Rice, Beautiful Ladies,

Tasty Sticky Rice in Bamboo Cylinders,

Majestic Sanamchan Palace, Commemorative

Buddhamonthon Buddhist Centre, And Great

Skyward Pathom Chedi

Nakhon Pathom is a small province located just

56 Kms. from Bangkok. The province features an

ancient religious structure called “Phra Pathom

Chedi”, the first religious landmark that signified

the influx of Buddhism into Thailand. Nakhon

Pathom is also renowned for its abundant fruits

varieties and famous dishes.

Formerly situated by the sea, the city prospered

during the Dvaravati civilisation. According to

archaeological findings, Nakhon Pathom was

the first city to possess influences of Buddhism

and Indian civilisations. From the Phra Pathom

Chedi and other remains discovered in the city

area, it is believed that the city was a centre of

civilisation in that era. People of different races

settled in Nakhon Pathom. However, a change

in the course of the river caused a draught

that forced the people to migrate and settle

on the banks of river, and these communities

developed into towns. The new town was called

“Nakhon Chai Si” or “Sirichai”, leaving Nakhon

Pathom deserted for hundreds of years until

the reign of King Rama IV.

While His Majesty was in monk hood, he

travelled to Nakhon Pathom and found the

Phra Pathom Chedi that he regarded to be

the largest pagoda of all. When King Rama IV

ascended to the throne, he commanded that a

bell shaped Chedi be built to cover the former

Chedi. The surrounding area was also renovated

and improved. He also commanded that a water

canal be dug to facilitate commuting, which

was called Chedi Bucha canal. During the reign

of King Rama V, the construction of railways to

the south began, at that time Nakhon Pathom

was still a heavily forested area. King Rama V

also commanded that the town be relocated

from Tambon Tha Na, Amphoe Nakhon Chai

Si, to the Phra Pathom Chedi area as it used to

be. Nakhon Pathom has been there ever since.

During the reign of King Rama VI, a palace was

built at Tambon Sanam Chan as a temporary

residence on his travels and many roads were

constructed. A large bridge was also built over

the Chedi Bucha canal, which His Majesty

named “Saphan Charoensattha”. Later, he

commanded that the name of Nakhon Chai Si

be changed to Nakhon Pathom, but the name of

the prefecture was still called “Nakhon Chai Si”

until the reign of King Rama VII when the calling

of the prefecture was ended. Nakhon Chai Si

is now one of the districts in Nakhon Pathom.

Nakhon Pathom covers an area of 2,168 square

kilometres or 542,081.6 acres. It is divided

into 7 administrative districts or Amphoe,

they are: Amphoe Mueang Nakhon Pathom,

Amphoe Buddhamonthon, Amphoe Sam

Phran, Amphoe Nakhon Chai Si, Amphoe Bang

Len, Amphoe Kamphaeng Saen, and Amphoe

Don Toom. Most of the areas are plains with

no mountainous land, plateau are found in the

west east of Amphoe Mueang and Amphoe

Kamphaeng Saen. The plains along the Tha Chin

River (Nakhon Chai Si River) are the location

of Amphoe Nakhon Chai Si, Amphoe Sam

Phran, and Amphoe Bang Len. These fertile

lands provide agricultural area for people,

thus most of the residents earn their living

from agriculture; plantations, farming, growing

food crops, and fruit orchards. Especially so

of pomelo. Nakhon Pathom is well known for

pomelo, some call the Nakhon Pathom the

sweet pomelo town.

BOUNDARIES

North : borders with Suphan Buri

South : borders with Samut Sakhon

East : borders with Nonthaburi and Bangkok

West : borders with Ratchaburi

HOW TO GET THERE

By Car

From Bangkok, driving on the old route of

Phetkasem Road (Highway No.4) passing

Aom Noi, Aom Yai, Sam Phran to Nakhon

Pathom or driving on the new route of

Borommaratchachonnani Road from Bangkok,

passing Buddhamonthon, Nakhon Chai Si to

Nakhon Pathom.

By Bus

From the S outher n Bus Ter minal on

Borommaratchachonnani Road from 5.30

a.m.-11.15 p.m., there are two routes of buses.

Old Route (Bangkok-Aom Yai-Sam PhranNakhon Pathom), 

there are several lines of 2nd

class air-conditioned buses: Bangkok-Nakhon

Pathom, Bangkok-Ratchaburi, and BangkokBang Li.

New Route (Bangkok-Buddhamonthon-Nakhon

Chai Si-Nakhon Pathom) There are 2 lines of 1st

class air-conditioned buses: Bangkok-Nakhon

Pathom and Bangkok-Dan Chang (blue bus) or

taking the 2nd class of air-conditioned buses

of Bangkok-Damnoen Saduak and BangkokPhetchaburi 

from 5.30 a.m.-11.00 p.m. and leaves every 15 minutes.

For more information, contact the Southern Bus

Terminal on Borommaratchachonnani Road. Tel.

0 2894 6122. Nakhon Pathom Tour, Bangkok

office, Charan Sanitwong Road, Tel. 0 2411 5686,

Nakhon Pathom office, Tel. 0 3424 3113, or visit

www.transport.co.th.

By Rail

The State Railway of Thailand operates daily

trains to Nakhon Pathom. It takes about 1 hour.

For more information contact Bangkok’s Hua

Lamphong Railway Station tel. 1690, 02 220

4334 and the Thonburi Railway Station tel. 0

2411 3102 or www.railway.co.th.

Distances from Amphoe Mueang

Nakhon Pathom to neighbouring

Amphoe (districts)

Amphoe Bang Len 36 kilometres

Amphoe Buddhamonthon 33 kilometres

Amphoe Don Toom 22 kilometres

Amphoe Kamphaengsaen 29 kilometres

Amphoe Nakhon Chai Si 31 kilometres

Amphoe Sam Phran 23 kilometres

Distances from Nakhon Pathom to

neighbouring provinces

Ratchaburi 47 kilometres

Samut Sakhon 52 kilometres

Nonthaburi 61 kilometres

Kanchanaburi 69 kilometres

Samut Songkhram 68 kilometres

Suphan Buri 93 kilometres

See Details...
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