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SAMUT SAKHON

SAMUT SAKHON

Samut Sakhon, called by the locals as “Maha

Chai” is a small province located on the mouth

of the Tha Chin River, only 2 kilometres from

the sea and 36 kilometres from Bangkok. 


SAMUT SAKHON

Thai Term Glossary

Amphoe : District

Ban : Village

Maenam : River

Muang : Town or City

Tambon : Subdistrict

Ubosot or Bot : Ordination hall in a temple

Wihan : Image hall in temple

Wat : Temple

Note : English spelling here given tries to

approximate Thai pronunciation. Posted signs

may be spelled differently. When seeking

help from a Thai for directions, point to the

Thai spellings given after each place name.

Samut Sakhon, called by the locals as “Maha

Chai” is a small province located on the mouth

of the Tha Chin River, only 2 kilometres from

the sea and 36 kilometres from Bangkok. It is

a historic city recorded in the Ayutthaya

chronicle. This was during the period that

Phrachao Suea travelled by the royal barge

procession creating the story of the loyal

Phanthai Norasing.

This province was originally called as “Tha Chin”

because it was a large district on the Gulf of

Thailand, where there were a lot of foreigners,

especially the Chinese -Chin- who travelled

by ship and stopped at the port –Tha- for

trading. Therefore, it was verbally well known

as Tambon “Tha Chin”. In the reign of King

Rama IV, the city’s name was changed into

Mueang Samut Sakhon.

During the reign of King Rama V, he conducted

governance reform by organizing the regional

bureaucratic system in the form of a circle called

“Monthon Thesaphiban” and announced the

establishment of Thailand’s first sanitary district

in Tambon Tha Chalom in 1906.

Then, in 1913, King Rama VI announced a royal

command for the government to transform

the word “Mueang” to “Changwat” -provincethroughout the country. Mueang Samut

Sakhon was changed to “Changwat Samut

Sakhon” as it is still known at the present time.

The word “Maha Chai” that people usually

used is the name of a canal dug across the

crooked Khlong Khok Kham which is the

symbol of the loyalty of Phanthai Norasing.

Samut Sakhon covers an area of 872 square

kilometres and is divided into 3 districts

(Amphoes); namely, Amphoe Mueang, Amphoe

Krathum Baen and Amphoe Ban Phaeo.

BOUNDARY

North Borders with Bangkok and Nakhon Pathom.

South Borders with Samut Songkhram and

 the Gulf of Thailand.

West Borders with Samut Songkhram and Ratchaburi.

East Borders with Bangkok, Samut

 Songkhram and Samut Prakan.

HOW TO GET THERE

By car : from Bangkok can be as follows:

1) From Bang Pakaeo Intersection. Go along

Highway No. 35 Thon Buri–Pak Tho Road

(Rama II Road), passing the Bang Khun Thian

District Administration Office, Ekkachai

Weighing Station to the Maha Chai Intersection

at Km. 28. Then, turn left to Samut Sakhon city.

A total distance of 29 kilometres.

2) From Big C Department Store, Dao

Khanong. Go along Jomthong and Ekkachai

Road, pass Bang Khun Thian Bridge, Wat Sing,

Bang Bon Intersection, Sueksanari School, Wat

Pho Chae, Tambon Khok Krabue, Ekkachai

Weighing Station, Maha Chai Community

Housing, to the centre of Samut Sakhon.

A total distance of 30 kilometres.

3) From Tha-Phra Intersection. Go along

Highway No. 4, Phetchakasem Road to Nong

Khaem and turn left into Soi Phetchakasem

81 to the Ekkachai Intersection. Then, turn

right and go along Ekkachai Road, passing

Sueksanari School and the Ekkachai Weighing

Station to the centre of Samut Sakhon. A total

distance of 30 kilometres. You can also take

Phetchakasem Road, pass Bang Khae and turn

left into the outer ring road, crossing with

Ekkachai Road. Then, turn back to Ekkachai

Road or go straight on into Thon Buri–Pak Tho

Road or from Phetchakasem Road, pass Om Noi

to Setthakit 1 Road at Km. 25, passing Amphoe

Krathum Baen.

4) Fr o m P h r a P i n k l a o B r i d g e. Ta k e

Borommaratchachonnani Road and take

any one of 3 routes into Phetchakasem Road

which are Phutthamonthon Sai 2, 4 or 5 Road.

Then, 2 ways can be chosen to enter the centre

of Samut Sakhon. Either from Phutthamonthon

Sai 2 Road to Ekkachai Road. Turn right and

pass Sueksanari School; a total distance of

35 kilometres, or take Phutthamonthon Sai 4

and 5 Road to Setthakit 1 Road and pass

Amphoe Krathum Baen; a total distance of

approximately 50 kilometres. Besides, you

can take the outer ring road, passing Ekkachai

and Thon Buri–Pak Tho Roads.

By bus : The Transport Company Limited.

provides buses to Samut Sakhon everyday

from 04.20 a.m. to 09.00 p.m. For more details,

please contact the Southern Bus Terminal,

Borommaratchachonnani Road at Tel. 0 2894

6122 (air-conditioned bus), Samut Sakhon Bus

Terminal at Tel. 0 3441 1046 www.transport.co.th

- Ordinary bus No. 68 (Samae Dam–Bang

Lamphu route) plying daily during 04.15 a.m.

to 11.00 p.m.

- Private air-con bus No. 68 (Talat Maha Chai

Mueang Mai–Bang Lamphu route) plying daily

during 04.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m.

- Private bus  No. 120 (Khlong San–Samut

Sakhon route) plying daily during 04.00 a.m. to 09.50 p.m.

- Private bus No. 120 (Khlong San–Talat Maha

Chai Mueang Mai route) plying daily during

04.00 a.m. to 10.00 p.m.

By Van: Minivansplying daily during 05.30

a.m. to 08.00 p.m. as follows:

1. Future Bang Khae–Maha Chai route.

Available besides the Samut Sakhon Provincial Court.

2. Victory Monument–Maha Chai route.

Available within Soi Ban Chao.

3. Mo Chit–Maha Chai route (within Soi Ban Chao)

 - Minivan station at the Mo Chit Bus Terminal

 arrival platforms: Tel. 08 3307 4019

 - Minivan station at Victory Plaza (Victory

 Monument): Tel. 08 3307 4051

 - Minivan station in Maha Chai: Tel. 08 3307 4031

 - Minivan station at the Samut Sakhon Bus

 Terminal: Tel. 08 3307 4025

4. Pata Pin Klao–Maha Chai route. Available

within Soi Ban Chao.

5. Mae Klong–Maha Chai route. Available

behind the Samut Sakhon Burana School.

6. Rangsit–Maha Chai route. Available behind

the Samut Sakhon Burana School.

7. Central Plaza Rama II–Maha Chai route.

Available beside the Samut Sakhon Technical School.

By train : The State Railway of Thailand

provides trains leaving Wongwian Yai Station

many times a day from 05.30 a.m. to 08.10 p.m.

to Maha Chai Station or cross the river by boat

to Ban Laem Station and take a train to Mae

Klong Station, Samut Songkhram. For more

details, please contact Wongwian Yai Railway

Station at Tel. 0 2465 2017, 0 2890 6260 and

Maha Chai Railway Station at Tel. 0 3441 1003

www.railway.co.th

See Details...
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