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Chaiyaphum

Chaiyaphum

Chaiyaphum is approximately 330 kilometers from Bangkok, located at the ridege of the I-san


Thai Term Glossary 

Amphoe : District Ban : Village Khao : Mountain Maenam : River Mueang : Town or City Namtok : Waterfall Prang : Corn-shaped tower or sanctuary Phu : Mountain Tambon : Sub-district Tham : Cave Ubosot or Bot : Ordination hall in a temple Wihan : Image hall in a temple Wat : Temple Note : English spelling here given tries to approximate Thai pronunciation. Posted signs may be spelled differently. When seeking help from a Thai for direction, point to the Thai spellings given after each place name. Chaiyaphum is approximately 330 kilometers from Bangkok, located at the ridege of the I-san plateau in the connecting area between the Central Region and the

 North. It is a land of beautiful Dok Krachiao (curcuma) fields and abundant waterfalls in the rainy season. It is one of the provinces possessing a large number of forested areas in Northeast Thailand. There are major mountain ranges such as Phu Phang Hoei, Phu Laen Kha, and Phu Phaya Fo, the origin of the Chi River. 

BOUNDARY 

North Phetchabun and Khon Kaen. South Nakhon Ratchasima. East Khon Kaen and Nakhon Ratchasima. West Phetchabun and Lop Buri. 

HOW TO GET THERE 

By Car a) Take Highway No. 1 (Phahonyothin Road) from Bangkok to Saraburi. Turn right onto Highway No. 2 (Mittraphap Road) and turn left into Highway No. 201 at Amphoe Sikhio, passing Dan Khun Thot and Amphoe Chatturat into Chaiyaphum, being a total distance of 330 kilometers. b) Take Highway No. 1 (Phahonyothin Road) from Bangkok, passing Saraburi. At the Phu Khae Intersection, enter Highway No. 21 to Amphoe Chai Badan. Then, take Highway No. 205, passing Thep Sathit and Amphoe Chatturat into Chaiyaphum province. By Bus The 5.30 hours journey from Bangkok can be made on ordinary bus and air-conditioned coach from Bangkok. By Train From the Bangkok Railway Station (Hua Lamphong Station), there are both rapid and express trains from Bangkok to Nong Khai provided everyday getting off at Bua Yai Station. After that, passengers can connect with a bus for a further 51 kilometers to Chaiyaphum. By Plane There is no direct flights BangkokChaiyaphum. However, visitors can take a plane to Khon Kaen and connect with a bus from Khon Kaen back to Chaiyaphum, a distance of 150 kilometers. Otherwise, take a plane to Nakhon Ratchasima and continue to Chaiyaphum by bus, a distance of 119 kilometers. Travelling from Chaiyaphum to other provinces and districts. There are buses provided from the Chaiyaphum Bus Terminal to NakhonRatchasima, Khon Kaen, Loei, Lopburi, Nakhon Sawan, Phetchabun, Phitsanulok, Chiang Mai. Distances from Amphoe Mueang Chaiyaphum to other districts. Amphoe Bamnet Narong 58 Kilometers. Amphoe Ban Khwao 13 Kilometers. Amphoe Ban Thaen 92 Kilometers. Amphoe Chatturat 36 Kilometers. Amphoe Kaeng Khro 45 Kilometers. Amphoe Kaset Sombun 102 Kilometers. Amphoe Khon San 120 Kilometers. Amphoe Khon Sawan 38 Kilometers. Amphoe Noen Sa-nga 30 Kilometers. Amphoe Nong Bua Daeng 49 Kilometers. Amphoe Nong Bua Rawe 35 Kilometers. Amphoe Phakdi Chumphon 85 Kilometers. Amphoe Phu Khiao 76 Kilometers. Amphoe Sap Yai 28 Kilometers. Amphoe Thep Sathit 105 Kilometers.

ATTRACTIONS Amphoe Mueang Chaiyaphum Phraya Phakdi Chumphon (Lae) Monument (อนุสาวรีย์พระยาภักดีชุมพล (แล)) 

is located at Sun Ratchakan Roundabout on the way to the city. The people of Chaiyaphum built the monument in 1975, dedicated to the first governor of Chaiyaphum called “Chaopho Phraya Lae” by the locals. Chaopho Phraya Lae Shrine (ศาลเจ้าพ่อพญาแล) is 4 kilometers from Mueang Chaiyaphum, nearing Nhong Pla Thao, along the Chaiyaphum–Ban Khwao route (Highway No. 225). Turn right to Pla Thao Swamp, where the shrine, housing the spirit of Phraya Phakdi Chumphon (Lae), as well as, the centre of the people of Chaiyaphum’s spirit is situated. Every year, a ceremony to pay respect to the shrine is organized during the 6th lunar month prior to Visakha Puja Day. Also, ceremonies to give propitiatory sacrifice to the spirit through a Phi Fa dance are conducted regularly. Tat Ton National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติ ตาดโตน) Due to the conditions of steep and complex mountains, a slope in the south, and a long mountain ridge from Prachin Buri, passing Khao Yai, Chaiyaphum to Loei. The general forest condition is comprising deciduous dipterocarpforest and dry evergreen forest. Important plants consist of Teng, Rang, Phluang, Krabok, Kradon, Phayom, Rak, Pradu, Makha, Yang, Kraba, Takhian, etc. The undergrowth is mostly Ya Phek (Vietnamosasa pusilla), while wildlife are barking deer, wild boars, mongooses, rabbits, squirrels, chipmunks, red jungle fowls and various kinds of birds. The temperature of the national park is quite cool. To get there : Take Highway No. 2159 and turn right into Highway No. 2051. The distance from the centre of the town to the Office of the National Park is approximately 21 kilometers. Attractions within the National Park are as follows : Namtok Tat Ton (นํ้าตกตาดโตน) is a beautiful waterfall near the Office of the National Park with water flowing all year, particularly magnificent in the rainy season. It is 6 meters high and 50 meters wide. The upper part is a stream flowing pass a stone terrace, abundant with big trees on both sides and suitable for relaxing, admiring the nature, as well as, swimming. Within the area of the waterfall is also the Chaopho Tat Ton Shrine (Pu Duang Shrine). To get there : From the town, take Highway No. 2159 and turn right into Highway No. 2051, being a total distance of approximately 21 kilometers. Otherwise, take Highway No. 201, the similar way to Phu Khiao District, turn left and proceed for 21 kilometers to the Tat Ton Waterfall. Visitors travelling by bus are able to take the Chaiyaphum-Tha Hin Ngom minibus and get off at the entrance fee checkpoint and walk further for 1 kilometer. Chaopho Tat Ton (Pu Duang) Shrine (ศาลเจ้าพ่อตาดโตน (ปู่ด้วง)) is located within the area of Namtok Tat Ton. It is a sacred place in the Tat Ton National Park which the people of Chaiyaphum and the nearby provinces respect. It has been told that Pu Duang had Khmer ethnicity and lived in the similar period to Chaopho Phaya Lae. He behaved as a strict lay ascetic who lived his humble life, usually doing meditation, strictly following the dharma and had knowledge and abilities in herbal treatment. Moreover, his holy spells saved many injured people. Therefore, he received respect from a large number of people. After his death, a shrine was erected to pay respect to him. Besides, there are his other shrines at Chong Sam Mo and Wat Chaiyaphum Phithak. At present, there are ceremonies of Phi Fa, Phi Song and worship dances for Chaopho Pu Duang every Wednesday, as well as, major worship ceremonies 4 times a year on the 4th day of the waxing moon in the 3rd lunar month, the 14th day of the waxing moon in the 5th lunar month, the 2nd day of the waning moon in the 8th lunar month, and the 2nd day of the waning moon in the 11th lunar month. Namtok Tat Fa (นํ้าตกตาดฟ้า) is located in Tambon Na Siao, at the foot of Phu I Thao Mountain in the eastern side of Tat Ton National Park. A small waterfall looking like a cataract across the river. It is a stone terrace with a width of 15-20 meters, a length of 80-90 meters, and a steepness of approximately 30 degrees. To get there : From the centre of town, take Highway No. 201 for 13 kilometers and turn left for 4 kilometers to Ban Na Wang School. Turn right and proceed further for 4 kilometers. When arriving at the parking lot, walk further for 300 meters. Namtok Pha Iang (นํ้าตกผาเอียง) It is a mediumsize waterfall stemming from the Chi Long Stream. It is a cliff leaning (Iang) towards the stream making the water run to one side. There is quite a thick dry evergreen forest and big trees around the area creating a shady atmosphere suitable for relaxation. Besides, there are two other waterfalls in the area; namely, Namtok Phanit located 500 meters prior to Namtok Pha Iang, and Namtok Pha Song Chan that the visitors will have to walk further for 1,200 meters. To get there : From the centre of town, take Highway No. 2159 (Chaiyaphum– Nong Bua Daeng) for approximately 27 kilometers. Turn right for 2 kilometers to the parking lot and walk further for 800 meters. Namtok Tham Hia (นํ้าตกถ้ำเหี้ย) is situated 4 kilometers from Ban Na Siao to the north or 4 kilometers from the National Park Ranger Station To No. 3 (Namtok Tat Fa) to the East. It is a waterfall that flows down through rocks at a height of 1.5 meters. In the past, there were many water monitors (Hia in Thai) in this area, and there was a huge rock near the waterfall that is similar to a water monitor so this was the origin of the name of this waterfall. Phu Khong Viewpoint (จุดชมทิวทัศน์ภูโค้ง) is situated on Phu Laen Kha, 26 kilometers from the National Park Office and 8 kilometers from Tham Hia Waterfall, 945 meters in height above average sea level. Moreover, it is a place of a “Shiva Lingam” (Hindu phallic symbol of creative power), which was built in the era of the powerful Khmer Empire. It is considered to be the most perfect Shiva Lingam image. From the end of the rainy season to the beginning of the cold season, there are Dusita, Kradum Ngoen, Dao Krachai and Ma Wing flowers blooming. This place is considered to be one of the beautiful viewpoints of Tat Ton National Park. Wat Phra Phutthabat Phu Faet (วัดพระพุทธบาทภูแฝด) is located in Tambon Na Siao, 23 kilometers from the centre of town, the similar route to Wat Sila At Phu Phra. Take Highway No. 201 (Chaiyaphum– Kaeng Khro) to the temple. The Buddha’s footprint on a stone is similar to that in Saraburi. Along both sides at the temple’s entrance stand shady trees. Wat Sa Hong (วัดสระหงษ์) is situated in Tambon Na Siao, 12 kilometers from the centre of town. Take Highway No. 2051 and turn at the crossroads to the similar way to the Cho Raka Reservoir. The temple is situated on a stone rise. There is a natural rock in a swan-Hong or Hamsa-shape. Behind the temple’s hall is an ancient pond with a width of approximately 10 meters, full of water all year round. Wat Sila At Phu Phra (วัดศิลาอาสน์ ภูพระ) Within the compound of the temple is a rock shelter where the bas-relief Buddha images were engraved. It is the source of the name Phu Phra and has been respected among the locals for a long period of time. At present, there is a roof covering the bas-reliefs, comprising of a large Buddha image, sitting in the meditation posture with the width at its lap of 1.52 meters and the height of 2.13 meters. Its right palm is placed on his lap, while his left one is on his shank (the opposite of the subduing Mara posture). The large image is called Phrachao Ong Tue. There are ceremonies to pay respect to the images at Phu Phra twice a year and 3 days a time, on the 1st day of the waxing moon in the 3rd lunar month and the 13th day of the waxing moon in the 5th lunar month. To get there : From the centre of Mueang Chaiyaphum, take Highway No. 201 (Chaiyaphum–Kaeng Khro) for approximately 15 kilometers. Turn left along the Na SiaoHuai Chan route for 5 kilometers and turn left for 1 kilometer into the temple. Prang Ku (ปรางค์กู่) It was built in the reign of King Jayavarman VII in dedication to “Bhaisajyaguru” or the Medicine Buddha. Prang Ku is a stone sanctuary from the Khmer period with a plan characteristic to the Arogayasala or nursing home constructed in the 12th-13th century. There is a main Prang located at the centre, a Wihan or Bannalai (Library) at its front surrounded by a laterite wall. Outside the wall at the northeastern corner lies a pond. The main Prang is in a 5-meter wide square shape with 12-recessed corners. At its front is an entrance constructed as an antechamber, while the other 3 sides of the wall are false doors. Above the one in the north is a lintel of a bas-relief Buddha image in the meditation posture sitting on the Kala holding the garlands with both hands. There is an annual fair in the 5th lunar month of each year. To get there : From the centre of town, take Highway No. 202 (Chaiyaphum–Bua Yai) for approximately 1 kilometer and turn right and continue along Highway No. 2158 for 2 kilometers to Prang Ku. Bai Sema Ban Kut Ngong (ใบเสมาบ้านกุดโง้ง) is stored within the compound of Wat Kut Ngong School. They are sandstone boundary markers in the Dvaravati style of approximately the 7th–8th century discovered around the village. Most of them are big with a bas-relief in the front, while some were also inscribed on their back as well. The bas-reliefs present the Buddhist stories of former incarnations (Jatakas) of the Buddha or idols such as the Bodhisattva standing on a lotus, the Buddha image sitting on a throne under the Bodhi Tree, considered as the most beautiful ones of Northeastern Thailand. Ancient Pallava scripts of Southern India were also found inscribed on some markers. To get there : From the centre of Chaiyaphum, take Highway No. 202 for approximately 12 kilometers and turn right for 3 kilometers to Ban Kut Tum then turn right into Kut TumBung Khla and go further for 4 kilometers. Chaiyaphum Star Tiger Zoo (สวนสัตว์ชัยภูมิ สตาร์ไทเกอร) This zoo has an “alpaca”, which is in the same species as a camel from Peru. There is also an entertainment park and ocean park for all family members to have fun and relax. Another interesting activity is ATV riding through a sunflower field, red lotus pond and Dok Krachiao (Siam tulip) field. The entrance fee is 100 Baht. Open daily from 9.00 a.m.–5.00 p.m. To get there : It is 8 kilometers from the City Hall toward Amphoe Nong Bua Daeng, following the Chaiyaphum–Tat Ton route and turning left to Nong Bua Daeng. Phu Laen Kha National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติภูแลนคา) The geographic condition of this area is a complex mountain range with both dense jungle and timber forest which are the watershed of streams that run into the Chi River. As, the appropriate time for a visit during May–December. The National Park has arranged a natural study route passing various tourist attractions within the park as follows: Pa Hin Ngam Chan Daeng (ป่าหินงามจันทร์แดง) It is a large stone terrace with many rocks in bizarre shapes. There are distinguished and unique Chan Daeng (Dracaena loureiri Gagnep.) trees growing on a large boulder. The access is by walk only. Phu Khi (ภูคี) It is the highest summit of the national park, located at 1,038 meters above sea level. Where the scenery and surroundings of Phu Yuak, Phu Taphao, Phu Khiao Range, Kaset Sombun District, and Phu Khiao District, Chaiyaphum, can be seen. It is cold all year and is a habitat of various kinds of flora and fauna. Phu Kaset (ภูเกษตร) located at 966 meters above sea level. It is the second highest summit after Phu Khi in this same national park. Geographically, it is cold and dry because of deforestation and shifting cultivation, leaving behind a large abandoned field on the Phu Laen Kha mountain range. Dok Krachiao Field in Pa Hin Ngam Thung Khlong Chang (ทุ่งดอกกระเจียวบริเวณป่าหินงาม ทุ่งโขลงช้าง) is a deciduous dipterocarp forest where Krachiao-curcuma-bulbs with pink and white blossoms grow on a rocky terrain together with various types of plants. There is also a large rock similar to an elephant. It is suitable for a visit during May–July. Mo Hin Khao (มอหินขาว) the Stonehenge of Thailand, is situated 40 kilometers from Chaiyaphum city to the north. It is a hill with 5 huge white sandstone columns, which have different appearances and forms according to the imagination of the visitors. Their appearances are huge, strange, rare, with forms of a mushroom, boat, elephant, turtle, and pagoda. When they are touched by the daylight and when it has recently been raining, the white stones will be seen obviously from a long distance, striking the eyes of the visitors. Mo Hin Khao is considered to be one of the beautiful viewpoints of Chiayaphum. Pa Prong Phan Pi (ป่าปรงพันปี) This area is scattered with more than 1,000 natural cycad trees. Their leaf stalks are round, hard, and 2 feets in length. The leaves are small, sharp, long, and hard like a keel. This plant was named Prong Phan Pi or 1,000-year-old cycad because Prong grows slowly, spending 1,000 years for 10 meters in height. Furthermore, Pha Nang Khoi is also a beautiful viewpoint, overlooking all over the landscape of Chaiyaphum province, even at night, and seeing as far as Phu Kradueng, Loei province. From this viewpoint, one can watch both the sunrise and sunset at the same point. To get there : It is 50 kilometers from the city and should travel by a 4-wheel-drive vehicle, using the same direction as Mo Hin Khao, passing the Mo Hin Khao junction to Ban Tha Hin Ngom and passing to Ban Sap Si Thong. Viewpoint of Lan Hin Rong Kla (จุดชมวิว ลานหินร่องกล้า) is a large stone plateau with various deep cracks and distinguished cliffs. It is approximately 700-800 meters above sea level. Viewpoint of Pa Hin Prasat (จุดชมวิวป่าหิน ปราสาท) is a location of the unique large rock similar to a Prasat and a nature sightseeing spot. Pratu Khlong (Natural Stone Archway) (ประตูโขลงซุ้มประตูหินธรรมชาติ) is a large stone similar to a gate (Pratu) whereas in the surrounding area are located many stones in bizarre shapes alternating with deciduous dipterocarp forest. Pha Kluaimai or Orchid Cliffs (ผากล้วยไม้) are high cliffs of many heights stretching horizontally and connecting to one another. There are many kinds of rare orchids scattered on the cliffs. Khao Khat and the Chi River (เขาขาดและ แม่นํ้าชี) is a natural characteristic of the mountain range created from the sinking and uplifting of the Phu Laen Kha and Phang Hoei mountain ranges, causing a pass through the mountains and creating many legends that have been passed on for a long time. Moreover, the Chi River is Chaiyaphum’s main river flowing through some areas of the Phu Laen Kha National Park, creating a natural scenic atmosphere and surroundings along both sides of the river. Besides, there are many areas where strange shapes of rocks lie such as Pa Hin Ngam Prasat, Pa Hin Ngam Hong Fa, and a cliff which is a beautiful sightseeing point. The national park provides accommodation and camping site for visitors. From the centre of Chaiyaphum, take Highway No. 2051 for approximately 6 kilometers and turn left into Highway No. 2159 toward Nong Bua Daeng for 26 kilometers. The Office of the National Park is on the left side of the road. There are Chaiyaphum– Nong Bua Daeng minibuses passing in front of the Office of the National Park.

 Amphoe Ban Khwao Ban Khwao (บ้านเขว้า) 

is famous for silk weaving. It is particularly well known for its Mudmee silk that is popular among those who favour Thai traditional fabrics. There are both the original and newly created patterns offered as fabric and clothes at various silk shops in Amphoe Ban Khwao. Amphoe Ban Khwao is 13 kilometers from Amphoe Mueang of Chaiyaphum on Highway No. 225. Ku Daeng (กู่แดง) is situated in Wat Kut Yang. It is an ancient Khmer remain. At present, the remain is only a square base made of laterite with recessed corners and a staircase on each of its four sides. The wall is made of bricks but all are ruined, leaving only the door frames on 4 sides. There is also a lintel engraved into the picture of Krishna fighting with elephants. The north side was adjusted. The temple constructed a Buddha image in a sitting posture and a staircase over the original building. This remain is estimated from the pattern on its lintel to have been constructed in the 11th century in the period of the Baphuon art of the ancient Khmer Empire. To get there : From the centre of Chaiyaphum, take Highway No. 225, passing Tambon Ban Khwao until reaching Ban Lum Pho, approximately 30 kilometers, and turn right to Ban Kut Yang for a further 8 kilometers. Khao Kham Community Forest (ป่าชุมชน ป่าเขาขาม) This community rewardted a national trophy from HRH Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn for the community forest contest under the project “Community Forest Enhancement Project” in 2008. It comprises low hills with strange shaped rocks scattered around. The forest is a mixed forest featuring dipterocarpus plants; such as, Dipterocarpus tuberculatus Roxb. (Phluang), Hairy Keruing (Hiang), Catunaregam spathulifolia, wild mango, wild tamarind, wild almond, cinnabar, etc., which most of them are seedlings or 2nd generation plants. The Khao Kham Community Forest covers a total area of around 7.36 square kilometers and is situated around 21 kilometers from Amphoe Ban Khwao. The route to the area is an asphalt road of around 16 kilometers. The important natural tourist attractions are as follows: Namtok Tat Phatthana (Namtok Roi Ru) (นํ้าตกตาดพัฒนา นํ้าตกร้อยรู) The waterfall is small, blocking the Chi Long Stream, with rocky islets along the stream for around 800 meters. The islets were scoured by the intensity of water into more than 100 deep holes. In the rainy season, tourists prefer taking a rest, swimming, and sliding along the steep rocks. The intensity of the water will hit the rock islets and cause white foam to be scattered. It takes 20 minutes to travel from the Khwao District Office. Rocking Stones (ลานหินโยก) are natural large stones, weighing more than 50 tons, located on the cliff. The stones can be shaken by only one hand, but they will not fall down from the cliff. Lat Mae Mai (ลาดแม่หม้าย) 18 kilometers from the District Office. It is a wide and large stone ground the size of 4 football fields amid low hills without any trees. The sky at Lat Mae Mai is brightened with stars. The moon can be seen clearly from the east side of the mountain range. This place is suitable for tourists who love nature, camping, sounds of foxes, insects and nocturnal wild animals. The entrance route is a dirt road along the line of the forest, without electricity and water supply.

 Amphoe Chatturat Bueng Laha (บึงละหาน) 

This place is a plentiful water resource with more than 25 species of freshwater fish and fish breeding is done in the Inland Fisheries Station. Some species of fish are endangered; such as, Walking Catfish. There are 9 kinds of Barb, 3 kinds of Anabas, commercial fish, which are, Common Snakehead, Grey Featherback, Eye-Spot Barb, Java Barb, Siamese Mud Carp, Hard-Lipped Barb, and Striped Tiger Leaffish, which is the symbol of Bueng Lahan. Bueng Lahan is a plentiful natural resource with a good ecosystem so it is a habitat and breeding place for more than 56 species of birds, both indigenous birds, shore birds, waders, and migratory birds. Some species of birds are endangered. To get there : It is 32 kilometers from Chaiyaphum province to the south, following Highway No. 201 (Si Khio-Chaiyaphum) and branch off from the asphalt road at 7 kilometers before reaching the Chatturat District Office, and continue on for 500 meters. Amphoe Kaeng Khro Wat Pa Sukhato (วัดปาสุ คะโต) is 50 kilometers from Chaiyaphum city in Phu Laen Kha or Phu Khong. This temple was established in 1976 according to the intention of the former abbot, Luangpho Khamkhian Suwanno, which is shady with various kinds of trees and a natural state of plentiful forest, suitable for practicing dharma and studying nature, a place where one can live without harassment and conflict, and is safe from danger. Phra Phaisan Visalo, the present abbot, has still arranged the training, practice of dharma, and the development of morality, consciousness, concentration and intellect according to the regulations of the former abbot. To get there : From Chaiyaphum province, use Highway No. 201 and turn left onto Highway No. 2353 (Ban Tha Mafai Wan) for around 35 kilometers. A minibus is available for charter at the bus station. The cost depends on the agreement. Amphoe Kaset Sombun Phrathat Kut Chok (พระธาตุกุดจอ) Consists of 2 brick pagodas. The first pagoda has a hollow relic chamber situated on a high base with niches in 4 directions. Inside the pagoda, there is a high-relief stucco Buddha image in the Gazing at the Bodhi Tree posture. The top of the pagoda has mostly fallen down. The second pagoda has a lotus-shaped structure with a tapering body and sharp top like Phrathat Phanom. This pagoda’s base is around 5 tiers in height, with beautiful verandas and angles. Inside this pagoda, there is a sandstone Buddha image in the attitude of subduing Mara. The appearances of both pagodas are of the Lan Chang architecture, dating back to the 14th-15th century. Nowadays, there is a monastic residence in the Phrathat area. On the full moon day of the 5th lunar month of each year, the Yang Noi villagers will arrange the Phrathat Bathing Ceremony in order to inherit the traditions since ancient times. To get there : a) From Amphoe Kaset Sombun, go direct to Ban Yang Noi for around 2 kilometers, b) From Ban Yang Noi go onto the Phrathat for around 1 kilometer. It is 78 kilometers from Chaiyaphum city. Royal Forest Department Centennial Arboretum (Phu Kum Khao) (สวนรุกขชาติ 100 ปีภูกุ้มข้าว) The Arboretum is situated in the permanent forest area of around 2.4 square kilometers, Ban Non Makha, Tambon Kut Lo. Phu Kum Khao has an appearance like a large pile of rice and a small volcano. There is a Phrathat made from wood and Buddha images on the top of the hill. Phu Kum Khao is a sacred place and a centre of unity for Tambon Kut Lo’s community and Amphoe Kaset Sombun’s people. On the 8th day of the waning moon of the 5th lunar month of each year, villagers will make merit, which has been inherited since the past to the present, called “Ao Bun Phu Kum Khao”. The natural state is a dry dipterocarp forest, with abundant valuable plants; such as, Makha wood, Siamese Sal, Sindora siamensis, Burma Padauk, Star Gooseberry and Myrabolan Wood. The forest ground is laterite, a large stone outcrop on the ground. To get there : Take the ChaiyaphumChum Phae bus to Amphoe Phu Khiao for 80 kilometers, then take the Amphoe Kaset Sombun bus to the Arboretum (Phu Kum Khao) for 7 kilometers. Phu Khing (ภูคิ้ง) is the summit of the Khao Khiao mountain range with a height of 1,167 meters above sea level. It is considered as the 5th highest one of the Northeast. Phu Khing is located in Tambon Non Thong whrere is a part of the Phu Khiao Wildlife Reserve. It is cold throughout the year on the mountain and is also a source of wild flowers and various kinds of orchids. To the north is situated a steep cliff with a large rock terrace. It is a beautiful view spot where visitors can witness Phu Kradueng, Phu Pha Chit, and the Phrom River. Educational tours in the reserve area can be conducted in 2 aspects. For those interested in a one-day trip, can ask permission from officials at the Pang Muang checkpoint. The admission fee is 200 Baht a person, 30 Baht a car, 10 Baht a bicycle, 20 Baht a motorcycle, and 100 Baht for a 6-wheel vehicle. For camping, a letter should be submitted 15-30 days in advance to the Chief of the Phu Khiao Wildlife Reserve, P.O. Box 3, Chum Phae Provincial Post Office, Chum Phae District, Khon Kaen, 40130, or the Director of Wildlife Preservation Office, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Phahonyothin Road, Bangkok 10900. To get there : Take the similar route to the Chulabhorn Dam. 3 kilometers prior to the Dam is the Pang Muang Checkpoint. Turn left for 24 kilometers to the Wildlife Reserve Office. Wat Prachao Ong Tue (วัดพระเจ้าองค์ตื้อ) There is Phrachao Ong Tue, a Buddha image in the blessing posture, the respected Buddha of Amphoe Kaset Sombun, aged more than 2,000 years. The statue was made from bricks coated all with gum, with a measurement of 3 meters across the lap and 4.50 meters in height. On the 8th day of the waning moon of April of each year, the villagers of Amphoe Kaset Sombun will arrange the “Phrachao Ong Tue Bathing Ceremony” for the luck of the people during the Songkran Festival. Amphoe Khon San Chulabhorn Dam/Nam Phrom Dam (เขื่อนจุฬาภรณ์/เขื่อนน้ำพรม) is situated at Tambon Thung Phra to obstruct the Phrom River on the Khun Phai mountain range in the area called Phu Yuak. It is a rockfill dam with a core of clay packed with stones and pebbles. The ridge of the dam is 700 meters long, while the height from its base is 70 meters and the width of 8 meters. It is a multi-purpose dam under the supervision of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT). It is aimed to generate electrical power for irrigation and agricultural purposes during the dry season. Its reservoir is also a breeding source of fresh-water fish. There are boats for cruising in the reservoir, as well as, a sightseeing point above the dam. Tourist Attractions within the Chulabhorn Dam are as follows : The Replica of Phra Phutthasiri Sakkharat (Luangpho Chet Kasat) (พระพุทธสิริสัคคราช จําลอง (หลวงพ่อเจ็ดกษัตริย์) is a revered Buddha image enshrined at the left side of the dam, opposite Chulabhorn Dam’s Park. Chulabhorn Dam’s Park (สวนเขื่อนจุฬาภรณ์) decorated as a preserved forest with various kinds of plants. There is also a Phrom Phitsamai pavilion for relaxation. The path through the park is paved with natural stones. The 325-Million-Years Ancient Plants (พืชโบราณ 325 ล้านปี) are in the similar category of grass, comprising of 2 main species; namely, Son Sam Roi Yot (Lycopodium) and Son Hang Ma or Ya Thot Plong (Horsetail or Equisetum). Lup Khuan View Pavilion (ศาลาชมวิวหลุบควน) is a viewpoint with a height of more than 800 meters. The Waterfront Ground by the Royal Residence (สนามริมน้ำข้างพระตําหนัก) is surrounded by a serene atmosphere. From there, the ridge of the dam and the reservoir can be admired. To get there : From the centre of Chaiyaphum, take Highway No. 201 (Chaiyaphum– Chum Phae) to the Nong Song Hong Intersection. Turn left into Highway No. 2055 (Amphoe Khon San), being a total distance of 120 kilometers. Otherwise, take the Lom Sak–Chum Phae route (Highway No. 12). At Khon San District, there is a crossroad to Chulabhorn Dam, being a distance of 40 kilometers. Phu Khiao-Wildlife Reserve (เขตรักษาพันธุ์สัตว์ป่าภูเขียว) covers the forested area in Khon San, Kaset Sombun, and Nong Bua Daeng Districts, a total area of 1,800 square kilometers. It is to preserve, breed and propagate wildlife such as Siamese firebacks, peacocks, barking deer, deer, and hogdeer. They are let free in this natural habitat and are able to conduct their own reproduction. A nature study route is organised for those who are interested in the close study of nature. Interesting destinations within the reserve are as follows: Thung Kramang (ทุ้งกระมัง) a large area of grassland located in the middle of the reserve, is an important source of food for herbivores. In 1983 and 1992, the Royal projects from the initiatives of Her Majesty Queen Sirikit let the wildlife such as barking deer, deer, mouse deer and various kinds of birds return to their natural habitat. On top of the hill over Thung Kramang lies a royal residence over looking the reservoir. Thung Kramang is open from 8.00 a.m.-3.00 p.m. and is closed from the end of August for 3 months. This is due to its condition of plants and wildlife which should not be disturbed. Therefore, it is for those who are truly interested in nature and wildlife. Bueng Paen (บึงแปน) covers an area of approximately 6.4 square kilometers, 900 meters above sea level. It is a grassland similar to Thung Kramang, but is a lower plain with floods in the rainy season. In the dry season, there is a swamp in the middle of the plain. Bueng Paen is situated in the centre to the southwest of the reserve. It is full of wildlife which can be noticed from their traces. Namtok Nakkharat (นํ้าตกนาคราช) is on the way from the Phrom Pavilion to Thung Kramang, at Km. 11. Turn left along the route in the forest for 300 meters. The width of the waterfall is approximately 5 meters with 3 tiers in different heights. The first one is 14 meters high, the second one is 10 meters, and the third one is 6 meters. Nearby the waterfall is a lot of Phaya Nakkharat or Polynesian foot fern. Therefore, the waterfall is called “Namtok Nakkharat”. Pha Thewada (ผาเทวดา) consists of many mountain ranges connecting to one another for a distance of 6 kilometers. The rocks at the cliff are white similar to limestone with a water flow passing called “Chi Phut.” It is the origin of the Chi River with a width of 10-15 meters running through the south of the mountain and down to the Chi Yai River. The Chi River runs from the north to the south. On both sides of the bank are small pebbles. Chi Phut has very clear water of 1 meter deep. Wildlife in this area are gaurs, bears, porcupines, deer, and wild elephants. At the abyss and Thewada Valley is a thick forest called “Pa Khrop”. The Phu Khiao Wildlife Breeding Research Station (สถานีเพาะเลี้ยงสัตว์ป่าภูเขียว) is 8 kilometers on the left side prior to the Chulabhorn Dam. There are many kinds of wildlife to see particularly sambar deer and brown-antlered deer. It is open daily from 8.00 a.m.-4.00 p.m. Nam Phut Thap Lao (นํ้าผุดทับลาว หรือนํ้าผุด ทัพลาว) is situated inside the Nam Phut Thap Lao Arboretum. It is a natural spring with all-year flowing water. The water seepage from the spring is clear, clean and scentless, flowing in a stream with lateritic sandy soil. There are beautiful and strange small and large ponds, surrounded by Mixed Forest. Tourists prefer taking a rest and swimming. There is a bamboo huts, restaurants, and souvenir shops. Near the spring, there is an “ancient Buddha image” and “Chaopho Muen Tue” image which are sacred for villagers and tourists. To get there : Use Highway No. 12 at Amphoe Khon San, then turn onto Highway No. 2055 to the Chulabhorn Dam. Around 10 kilometers from Highway No. 12, turn right at the junction sign to Nam Phut Thap Lao.

 Amphoe Khon Sawan Bueng Waeng (บึงแวง) is a swamp in front of Khon Sawan District Office, covering an area of approximately 0.5 square kilometer with a path around the swamp. It was declared a non-hunting area due to the migration of thousands of teals during winter from November to April. At dusk, the teals usually fly as a flock covering the sky, creating the splendid contrast of colours between the flock and the beam of sunset. High bird observatory towers stand around the swamp which is very suitable for relaxation. To get there : Take Highway No. 202 (Chaiyaphum–Bua Yai) to Ban Lat Yai. Turn left into Highway No. 2054 to Khon Sawan District. The total distance from the centre of the town is 38 kilometers. Otherwise, take Highway No. 201 (Chaiyaphum–Kaeng Khro) for approximately 30 kilometers and turn right to Khon Sawan District for 14 kilometers. The Grand Buddha Image of the Dvaravati Period (พระพทธรูปใหญ่สมัยทวารวดี) is situated at Wat Khon Sawan, 5 kilometers from Khon Sawan District. It is a laterite Buddha image in a standing posture, representing Dvaravati art. It was the Buddha image of the ancient Ka Long city with a height of 3 meters. Also, there are another 2 half-size ones from the same origin. It is assumed to have been constructed during the period when the Khmers were in power. It is called “Luangpho Yai” by the locals and enshrined in a small wihan which is open for the public to pay respect. Moreover, there are also many large sandstone boundary markers with bas-relief depicting the Jataka stories, as well as, the 9th century inscription in the Mon scripts. Outside lie many other boundary stones both with and without the bas-relief.

 Amphoe Nong Bua Daeng Pha Koeng (ผาเกิ้ง) is a part of the Phu Laen Kha, visitors will see a high cliff, similar to a crescent moon stretching out. Therefore, the locals call it “Pha Koeng” meaning a moon cliff in Isan language. On the cliff lies Wat Pha Koeng or Wat Chaiyaphum Phithak where the Chaiyaphum Phithak Buddha image is enshrined. It is an image in the standing posture with a height of 17 meters. In front of the image is a panoramic sightseeing spot where the wide stretch of rice fields can be seen. Moreover, within the compound of the temple is situated the Phra Borommathat Pha Koeng and a museum collecting antiques. Pha Koeng is 36 kilometers from the centre of town on Highway No. 2159 (Chaiyaphum–Nong Bua Daeng). Amphoe Nong Bua Rawe Sai Thong National Park (อุทยานแห่งชาติ ไทรทอง) It is the source of many rivers and creeks which are branches of the Chi River. It has deciduous dipterocarp and dry evergreen forests. There are a large number of thornless bamboos or Phai Ruak. It is considered as a natural tourist attraction with abundance and beauty. Within the compound of the park lie interesting attractions as follows: Namtok Sai Thong (นํ้าตกไทรทอง) It is a low waterfall with a height of 5 meters, and width of 80 meters. At its front is a large basin for swimmers called Wang Sai. Also, above the waterfall is a deep body of water called Wang Ngueak whose water runs along the crooked and steep stone plateau towards Namtok Sai Thong for a distance of 150 meters. There is a natural study route of 2 kilometers, where distinguished attractions such as Phim Chai Cliff, Bird’s Nest Fern Forest, and Namtok Butsabakon can be found. It is a shady route with various kinds of attractive plants along the way. Thung Bua Sawan or Thung Dok Krachiao (ทุ่งบวสวรรค์หรือทืงดอกกระเ จียว ) is 10 kilometers from the Office of the National Park in the area of the western side of the Phang Hoei mountain ridge. From the end of June to mid-August, curcuma or Krachiao blossoms will bloom in the field in both pink and white colours. In the cool season, during November–January, at Tung Bua Sawan, there will be numerous blooming flowering plants; such as, Dusita, Soi Suwanna, Kradum Thong (Little Yellow Star), etc. Pha Pho Mueang (ผาพ่อเมือง) is approximately 10 kilometers from the Office of the National Park. It is a cliff along the west side of the Phang Hoei mountain ridge along the route leading upward to the Bua Sawan Field, being a total distance of approximately 3 kilometers and 700-908 meters above sea level. There is a natural study route along the cliff with believed as the most exciting one when sitting at the overhanging cliff and looking down. Pha Ham Hot View Spot (จุดชมทวทิศน์ ผาหำหด) is the summit of the Phang Hoei mountain range, 864 meters above sea level. It is cold throughout the year. A camping site is provided for visitors who admire the chilliness and cliff climbing. The national park also provides accommodation and a camping site To get there : From the centre of Chaiyaphum, take Highway No. 225 (Chaiyaphum–Nakhon Sawan) for 70 kilometers (37 kilometers from Amphoe Nong Bua Rawe). There is a direction sign. Turn right for 7 kilometers at Ban Tha Pong to the Office of the National Park. 

Amphoe Phakdi Chumphon Tham Kaeo (ถํ้าแก้ว) is located within the compound of Wat Tham Kaeo. The cave is similar to a hall deep inside the mountain with the chilliness and humidity throughout the year. Electricity is utilised inside. From the entrance, there is a path leading to the lower ground where a Buddha image is enshrined. Also, the stalactites on the wall create a dazzling reflection of light. There is a Buddha image and Luangpu Sot image in the cave. The right side has a room with glass walls and floor tiles. The left side has stone pillars and a bat cave. In case of having a high-power flashlight, bats will be seen. To get there : From Amphoe Phakdi Chumphon, take Highway No. 2359 for 9 kilometers to the north. At Ban Sap Charoen, turn left and go further for 5 kilometers. Khao Phang Hoei Viewpoint (จุดชมทิวทัศน์เขาพงเหย) is on Highway No. 225 (ChaiyaphumNakhon Sawan) at Km. 70. It is a rest area and sightseeing spot for motorists. Along the road lie various shops offering local products. The panoramic view of the sunset from this point is admirable. Moreover, there is a small field of Bua Sawan-a kind of curcuma.

 Amphoe Phu Khiao Ban Khae Topiary Centre (ศูนย์รวมไม้ดัด บ้านแข้) is on Highway No. 201, 76 kilometers from the centre of Chaiyaphum or 1 kilometer prior to Phu Khaio District. Various styles and sizes of topiary, suitable for garden decoration are on sale on both sides of the road. Topiary is the occupation of the Ban Khae people. They usually bring Khoi or Siamese rough bush-Streblus asper Lour., Masang-Feroniella lucida (Scheff.) Swingle, and Tako-ebony, which are widely found in this area to cut and shape into beautiful forms and offer at a moderate price. Phrathat Nong Sam Muen (พระธาตุ หนองสามหมื่น) is situated in Wat Phrathat Nong Sam Muen. It is an important and interesting ancient remain of Chaiyaphum. Phrathat Nong Sam Muen is named after a swamp in the northwest the temple. It is a beautiful and perfect stupa. During the Songkran Festival, on 13-15 April of every year, there is a Phrathat Bathing Ceremony. In accordance with the archaeological evidence, this area was once a large ancient city in the Dvaravati period, approximately in the 7th–11th century. There are traces of a moat and mounds, as well as, mounds of many ancient remains. Moreover, important antiques discovered both inside and outside the city moat have been collected at the temple, such as sandstone boundary markers. Some were inscribed with the Pallava alphabet in Sanskrit language, dating around the 7th–9th century, while a piece of the boundary marker was selected to be settled as the city pillar of Phu Khiao District. Besides, there are another 2 worship sculptures. One of which was broken but looks similar to the top of the sitting Buddha image, canopied by a seven-headed Naga in the Bayon style of Khmer art in the 12th–13th century. To get there : From the centre of Chaiyaphum, take Highway No. 201, passing Amphoe Phu Khiao to Ban Nong Song Hong for 80 kilometers. Turn left into Highway No. 2055 for 9 kilometers to Ban Kaeng. Turn left and continue for 5 kilometers to Wat Phrathat Nong Sam Muen. Non Salao Khit Cloth Weaving Village (แหล่งทอผ้าขิตบ้านโนนเสลา) It is the biggest source of Khit cloth weaving in Chaiyaphum. The locals of Non Salao have passed on the process of Khit weaving from their ancestors. Nearly every house uses their own handmade fabric. A group of housewives has developed the patterns and colours of their products to respond to the market’s demand. Products offered are Mudmee cotton, Khit silk, shawls, tablecloths, fabric bags and Khit pillows. To get there : From Amphoe Phu Khiao, take Highway No. 2037, a similar way to Kaset Sombun for 8 kilometers. Turn right and continue further for 3 kilometers. 

forest, dry evergreen forest and mixed deciduous forest, with a diversity of ecology. Moreover, it is the origin of the Chi and Sonthi Rivers which flow into the Pa Sak River. Tourist destinations within the national park are as follows: Lan Hin Ngam (ลานหินงาม ) is a location where there are a lot of large rocks in strange shapes scattered, situated to the west of the National Park Office. It has occurred from the erosion of the soil and rocks into different shapes, which can be imagined as many kinds of objects and animals such as nails, radar, hens, etc. Moreover, Lan Hin Ngam is a beautiful sunrise viewpoint. Dok Krachiao or Bua Sawan Field (ทุ่งดอก กระเจียว หรือทุ่งบัวสวรรค์) Krachiao–a kind of curcuma-is an annual plant in the same species as ginger-galingale, scattered generally in the field. It is suitable for travelling from June to August, during Dok Krachiao Blooming Festival. Tourists can admire the beauty along the Dok Krachiao Field Nature Trail for around 1 kilometer. Tourists are not allowed to tread on the ground directly, but a small area is arranged in order to take photos. Sut Phaendin (สุดแผ่นดิน) is a steep cliff and is the highest point of Phang Hoei mountain range, 2 kilometers from the Office of the National Park. It is the cliff connecting between the Central and Northeastern regions. At this viewpoint, the panoramic view of a complex mountain range with a cool breeze throughout the day can be admired. Namtok Thep Phana (นํ้าตกเทพพนา) is located 7 kilometers on the east side of the Office of the National Park. It is a medium-size waterfall originating from Huai Krachon flowing from the Phang Hoei mountain range. It can be divided into 3 different tiers. The highest one is 2-3 meters, the second one is 2-3 meters, and the lowest one is 6 meters. There is water only during the rainy season. Namtok Thep Prathan (นํ้าตกเทพประทาน) is situated in Tambon, Ban Rai 7 kilometers from the Office of the National Park. It is a medium-size waterfall but quite flat. There are different low tiers of large rock terraces and a steep highland with a large amount of water during the rainy season. Phra Phutthabat Khao Yai Hom (พระพุทธบาท เขายายหอม) is a red Buddha’s left footprint, stamped onto the rock terrace with a width of 75 centimeters, length of 180 centimeters and depth of 45 centimeters, surrounded by 3 holy ponds. Phra Phutthabat Khao Yai Hom is 65 kilometers fromthe District Administration Office on the northeast and 63 kilometers from the centre of Chaiyaphum on the southwestern side. To get there : By Car : Pa Hin Ngam National Park is 270 kilometers from Bangkok. Take Highway No.1 pass Saraburi to Phu Khae T-junction. Take Highway No. 21 and take Highway No. 205 from Ban Lam Narai for approximately 48 kilometers. At 1 kilometer prior to Thep Sathit District Administration Office, turn left along Highway No. 2354 (into the way to Nong Bua Rawe District) for 15 kilometers. At the crossroads, turn left into Ban Rai for 14 kilometers to the Office of the National Park. By Bus : Visitors can travel by bus BangkokThep Sathit-Chaiyaphum line and get off at Ban Rai crossroads. Then, rent a motorcycle to the Office of the National Park. Otherwise there is the Bangkok-Chaiyaphum Bus and take minibus at the entrance of Ban Wa Tabaek, get off at the market near the National Park office. During the Dok Krachiao Blooming Festival, there is a minibus provided for tourists to travel within the national park. 

EVENTS AND FESTIVALS Chaiyaphum Elephant Festival (งานมหกรรม ช้างชัยภูมิคืนถิ่น) is held on 11 January of each year at the Chaopho Phaya Lae Monument in order to pay homage and commemorate the bravery and sacrifice of Chaopho Phya Lae or Phraya Phakdi Chumphon, the first governor, and to join conserving ancient traditions and culture. There is an elephant parade, Chinese banquet for elephants at Chiayaphum Municipality Stadium, and intelligent elephant show. Chaopho Phraya Lae Festival (งานฉลอง อนุสาวรีย์เจ้าพ่อพระยาแล) is held during 12-20 January every year in front of Chaiyaphum City Hall and the chaopho Phraya Lae Monument Intersection. Highlights of the festival are an elephant offering procession, exhibitions, competitions of agricultural product. Chaiyaphum Food Festival (งานเทศกาล อาหารเลิศล้ำกินหม่ำชัยภูมิ) is arranged in order to publicise Chaiyaphum’s signature food, tourist attractions, local food, and OTOP products, and also, to propagate good arts, culture, and traditions of Chaiyaphum at the Lan Krachiao Park, Chaiyaphum-Si Khio Road, Tambon Bung Khla, Amphoe Mueang, from 14-17 April. Chaopho Phraya Lae Worship Ceremony (งานประเพณีบวงสรวงเจ้าพ่อพญาแล) is held at the Nong Pla Thao Shrine on the first Monday of May every year (It lasts for 3 days and 3 nights). The locals will pay respect to Chaopho Phraya Lae’s spirit and perform traditional dances in front of the old shrine. There is a contest of local food, folk sports competition, Bai Si procession, contest and sales of local products. Chaopho Phaya Lae Monument Ceremony of Amphoe Ban Khwao, and Bun Lom Khao Yai and Silk Festival (งานฉลองอนุสาวรีย์ เจ้าพ่อพญาแลประจําอําเภอบ้านเขว้า และ งานบุญลอมข้าวใหญ่-งานไหมมัดหมี่ ของดี บ้านเขว้า) is held on 1-5 February of each year at Ban Khwao Municipality, in order to commemorate the goodness of Phraya Phakdi Chumphon, there is also Pha pa robe ceremony to rise funds for the organizing of the Chaopho Phaya Lae, Bun Lom Khao Yai Fair is a merit-making ceremony, including exhibitions, silk products on sale and other performances. Bun Duean Si Festival (งานบุญเดือนสี่) is a festival of the people of Khon San, comprising merit-making on the dark moon day of the 4th lunar month (Duean Si) and Saba competition on the 1st–3rd day of the waxing moon during the 5th lunar month (around March). The Saba competition is challenged for the winner prize creating amusement within the compound of Tambon, Amohoe Khon San. It is the only Saba competition performed in Northeastern Thailand. Candle Festival (งานแห่เทียนพรรษา) is a festival organised by the Chaiyaphum Municipal Office on the full moon day of the 8th lunar month (around July). There is a candle contest. This event is widely popular similarly to the candle procession of Ubon Ratchathani. Ram Phi Fa Tradition (ประเพณีรําผีฟ้า) is a ceremony to worship the sacred objects and Phrachao Ong Tue, a Buddha image engraved out of sandstone, with a height of 2 meters. The locals consider this Buddha image as very holy. Many people will participate in this ceremonial dance. The ceremony is organised twice a year on the 13th-15th day during the waxing moon of the 5th lunar month (in April) and the first day during the waxing moon of the 3rd lunar month within the area of Wat Sila At Phu Phra, Khao Phu Phra in Mueang District. Dok Krachiao Blooming Festival (งานวัน ดอกกระเจียวบาน) is held at the end of June to July at Pa Hin Ngam National Park, Thep Sathit District. It is during the rainy season when the blossoms of the wild Krachiao flowers in purplish pink are widely found in the area. Therefore, we call this area as Dok Krachiao Field. In the festival, there is a natural tour around the national park, local performances, and local products on sale. Hae Krathup Tradition (งานประเพณีโฮมบุญ ออกพรรษา “แหกระธูป”) is held, 3 days before the End of Buddhist Lent Day in front of the Nong Bua Daeng district Office. It is the biggest ceremony of the Nong Bua Daeng villagers who give offerings to the Lord Buddha when he came back to the Earth after preaching to His Mother in the Tavatimsa Heaven, by lighting ‘Krathup’ (incense), the symbol of the tree of Jambudvipa. Krathup is easily made from local materials, which consist of Om leaf, Niam leaf, mixed with coco peat and wrapped with paper into a long form of incense, then using coloured paper to decorate attractively, and binding with stars made from palm leaf and bamboo stick like a fishing rod, then stabbing to a prepared bamboo axle, around 3-5 meters in height, in a form like an umbrella before putting in a candlelight procession on the End of Buddhist Lent Day, and lighting in order to worship the Buddha images around the temple.

LOCAL PRODUCTS AND SOUVENIRS

 Souvenirs popular among tourists visiting Chaiyaphum are Mudmee silk, cotton cloth, Khit cloth, triangular pillows, and other woven cloth products. There are also delicate basketry and various local dishes such as Mam, Som Wua, fish cake, and I-san sausage.

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