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MUKDAHAN

MUKDAHAN

Mukdahan is the 73rd province of Thailand. Its history dates from the late Ayutthaya period, over 200 years ago. At first, on the left side of the Mekong River,


Mukdahan is the 73rd province of Thailand. Its history dates from the

late Ayutthaya period, over 200 years ago. At first, on the left side of

the Mekong River, there was a large community called Ban Luang Phon

Sin located by Phrathat Ing Hang, presently in Savannakhet Province

of Lao PDR. The community was ruled by Chao Chan Suriyawong.

His son was Chao Kinnari. He later built a new town at the mouth of

Huai Muk on the right bank of the Mekong River in 1767. The town

was completed in 1770 and named “Mukdahan” (moonstone or pearl)

according to a propitious sign occurring to him while the town was

under construction. That is why the locals call the town “Mueang Muk”.

During the reign of King Taksin the Great, Chao Kinnari was promoted

as Phraya Chanthon Si Surat Upparacha Manthaturat to be the first

ruler of Mukdahan in 1778.

At first, Mukdahan was part of ‘Monthon Udon’ or Udon Circle. In

1907, the Circle was dissolved to become a province and Mukdahan

was then an Amphoe of Nakhon Phanom province. It was promoted

as Mukdahan province in 1982 as the country’s 73rd province and the

17th province of Isan.

Actually, Mukdahan is a significant gateway to Indochinese countries.

The local people of Mukdahan actually have had a long relationship

with the people in Savannakhet province of Lao PDR. although they

are apart by the 70 kms. long Mekong River. Mukdahan is home to 8

ethnic minorities; namely, Thai Isan, Phu Thai, Thai Kha, Kraso, Thai

Kaloeng, Thai Yo, Thai Saek, and Thai Kula. It has abundant natural

beauty. Mukdahan covers a total area of 4,339.830 sq. kms. It can be

divided into 7 districts; namely, Amphoe Mueang Mukdahan, Amphoe

Khamcha-i, Amphoe Don Tan, Amphoe Nikhom Kham Soi, Amphoe

Dong Luang, Amphoe Wan Yai, and Amphoe Nong Sung.


MUKDAHAN

Thai Term Glossary

Amphoe: District

Ao: Bay

Ban: Village

Hat: Beach

Khao: Mountain

Ko: Island

Laem: Cape

Maenam: River

Mueang: Town or City

Mu Ko: Group of Islands (Archipelago)

Namtok: Waterfall

Phu: Mountain

Tambon: Sub-district

Tham: Cave

Ubosot or Bot: Ordination hall in a temple

Wihan: Image hall in a temple

Wat: Temple

Note: English spelling here given tries to approximate Thai

pronunciation. Posted signs may be spelled differently. When seeking

help from a Thai for direction, point to the Thai spellings given after

each place name.

Mukdahan is the 73rd province of Thailand. Its history dates from the

late Ayutthaya period, over 200 years ago. At first, on the left side of

the Mekong River, there was a large community called Ban Luang Phon

Sin located by Phrathat Ing Hang, presently in Savannakhet Province

of Lao PDR. The community was ruled by Chao Chan Suriyawong.

His son was Chao Kinnari. He later built a new town at the mouth of

Huai Muk on the right bank of the Mekong River in 1767. The town

was completed in 1770 and named “Mukdahan” (moonstone or pearl)

according to a propitious sign occurring to him while the town was

under construction. That is why the locals call the town “Mueang Muk”.

During the reign of King Taksin the Great, Chao Kinnari was promoted

as Phraya Chanthon Si Surat Upparacha Manthaturat to be the first

ruler of Mukdahan in 1778.

At first, Mukdahan was part of ‘Monthon Udon’ or Udon Circle. In

1907, the Circle was dissolved to become a province and Mukdahan

was then an Amphoe of Nakhon Phanom province. It was promoted

as Mukdahan province in 1982 as the country’s 73rd province and the

17th province of Isan.

Actually, Mukdahan is a significant gateway to Indochinese countries.

The local people of Mukdahan actually have had a long relationship

with the people in Savannakhet province of Lao PDR. although they

are apart by the 70 kms. long Mekong River. Mukdahan is home to 8

ethnic minorities; namely, Thai Isan, Phu Thai, Thai Kha, Kraso, Thai

Kaloeng, Thai Yo, Thai Saek, and Thai Kula. It has abundant natural

beauty. Mukdahan covers a total area of 4,339.830 sq. kms. It can be

divided into 7 districts; namely, Amphoe Mueang Mukdahan, Amphoe

Khamcha-i, Amphoe Don Tan, Amphoe Nikhom Kham Soi, Amphoe

Dong Luang, Amphoe Wan Yai, and Amphoe Nong Sung.

Boundaries

North : Connects to Sakon Nakhon and Nakhon Phanom provinces.

South : Connects to Yasothon, Amnat Charoen, and Roi Et provinces.

East : Connects to Savannakhet province of Lao PDR. with the

Mekong River as the border.

West : Connects to Kalasin and Roi Et provinces.

Transportation

By car: Mukdahan is 642 kms. from Bangkok. Take the route Bangkok -

Saraburi - Nakhon Ratchasima - Amphoe Ban Phai - Maha Sarakham -

Amphoe Phon Thong - Roi Et - Amphoe Khamcha-i - Mukdahan.

Another route is Bangkok - Saraburi - Nakhon Ratchasima on Highway 2.

Then turn right into Highway 207 at Ban Wat and go through the route

Amphoe Prathai - Amphoe Phutthaisong - Amphoe Phayakkhaphum

Phisai - Amphoe Kaset Wisai - Amphoe Suwannaphum, then use

Highway 2169 via Amphoe Sai Mun - Amphoe Kut Chum - Amphoe

Loeng Nok Tha, and Highway 212 via Amphoe Nikhom Kham Soi to

Mukdahan.

By bus: The Transport Co., Ltd. operates daily bus services from the

Bangkok Bus Terminal (Chatuchak or Mo Chit 2), Tel. 0 2936 2852-

66. There are also local buses connecting Mukdahan with other

Northeastern provinces like Khon Kaen, Ubon Ratchathani, Nakhon

Phanom, Sakon Nakhon, Udon Thani, and Maha Sarakham. For more

details, please contact the Mukdahan Bus Terminal at Tel. 0 4261 1421,

0 4261 1478, 0 4261 3025-9 or click www.transport.co.th.

By train: Trains leave Bangkok Railway Station or Hua Lamphong for

Ubon Ratchathani daily. From there, Mukdahan is 167 kms. by bus.

For more information, call the State Railway of Thailand at Tel. 1690, 0

2220 4334, 0 2220 4444 or visit www.railway.co.th.

By plane: There is no direct flight to Mukdahan. Passengers can

fly to Nakhon Phanom or Ubon Ratchathani, then take a bus to

Mukdahan. For more information, call THAI at Tel. 0 2356 1111 or visit

www.thaiairways.com, Nok Air at 1318 or visit www.nokair.com, and

Air Asia Tel. 0 2515 9999 or visit www.airasia.com

Distances from Amphoe Mueang Mukdahan

to other districts

Amphoe Nikhom Kham Soi 28 kms.

Amphoe Don Tan 33 kms.

Amphoe Khamcha-i 35 kms.

Amphoe Wan Yai 35 kms.

Amphoe Nong Sung 50 kms.

Amphoe Dong Luang 55 kms.

See Details...
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